In 1937, in the aftermath of the devastating bombardment of the town of Guernica by the Nazi and Italian fascist forces, Pablo Picasso painted his iconic masterpiece, 'Gernika' (we are using the Basque spelling). This monumental artwork stands as a powerful testament to the horrors of war and a poignant condemnation of the enemies of the Republican Spain, who supported General Franco's brutal campaign.
Picasso's words echo the profound sentiment captured within the painting: "My work is a cry against war and the enemies of the Republic... I am expressing my revulsion towards the military establishment which has drowned Spain in an ocean of suffering and death." Through his artistry, Picasso channels his deep-seated revulsion and outrage, denouncing the devastating impact of conflict on innocent lives.